Fishing is the activity of catching fish. Fishing techniques include netting, trapping, spearing, angling and hand gathering. The term fishing may be applied to catching other aquatic animals such as different types of shellfish, squid, octopus, turtles, frogs, and some edible marine invertebrates. Fishing is not usually applied to catching aquatic mammals such as whales, where the term "whaling" is more appropriate, or to commercial fish farming. In addition to providing food through harvesting fish, modern fishing is both a recreational and professional "sport". According to FAO statistics, the total number of fishermen and fish farmers is estimated to be 38 million. Fisheries provide direct and indirect employment to an estimated 200 million people. In 2005, the worldwide per capita consumption of fish captured from wild fisheries was 14.4 kilograms, with an additional 7.4 kilograms harvested from fish farms.
Fish soup is hot soup prepared with mixed river fish, characteristic for cuisines of the Pannonian plain and the Balkans, especially the wider region around the river Danube. The meal originates from Slavic cuisine.
Traditionally, fish soup is prepared in small kettles on open fire by fishermen themselves.